Proton gradients in photosynthesis Chemiosmosis

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The difference lies primarily in the source of high potential electrons. The electrons and protons at the last pump in the ETC are taken up by oxygen to form water.

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The final step of cellular respiration is the electron transport chain. Equations[ edit ] The proton-motive force is derived from the Gibbs free energy.

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They convert energy of spontaneous flow of protons through them into chemical energy of ATP bonds. What are the products of linear photophosphorylation?

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